Benevento, with nearly 62,000 inhabitants, is the capital of the province of the same name. It is located inland, south of the Apennines, in the area designated as Sannio.
The city was renamed by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, Maleventum in Beneventum, when they succeeded in colonizing it, after many failures against the Sannites who populated it.
After the fall of Rome, it became capital of an important duchy of Lombardy, then became papal possession, relatively tributary of the Kingdom of Naples.
Its historical heritage is important, like the Trajan’s Arc, located on the ancient Via Traiana or the Saint Sophia Church, built in 760 by Duke Arigis II. It was inscribed by Unesco in 2011 on the list of Lombard sites in Italy, of which there are seven.