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Benevento, santa sofia

Santa Sofia and square

Benevento, with nearly 62,000 inhabitants, is the capital of the province of the same name. It is located inland, south of the Apennines, in the area designated as Sannio.
The city was renamed by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, Maleventum in Beneventum, when they succeeded in colonizing it, after many failures against the Sannites who populated it.

After the fall of Rome, it became capital of an important duchy of Lombardy, then became papal possession, relatively tributary of the Kingdom of Naples.
Its historical heritage is important, like the Trajan’s Arc, located on the ancient Via Traiana or the Saint Sophia Church, built in 760 by Duke Arigis II. It was inscribed by Unesco in 2011 on the list of Lombard sites in Italy, of which there are seven.

History of Benevento

Benevento goes back to antiquity. According to a legend, it was founded by the Greek hero Diomedes, who landed in Italy after the destruction of Troy. He would have given to the city a defense of the mythical Calydon boar killed by his uncle Meleager.

Other monuments and sites of Benevento

Monuments and sites of Benevento: Roman Theater, Leproso Bridge, Arco del Sacramento, Horto Clonclusus.

Cathedral of Benevento

Duomo di Benevento

Façade romane et clocher

The Metropolitan Cathedral of Santa Maria de Episcopio was the first Christian church of Benevento. It was unfortunately almost completely destroyed by the Allied bombing of the Second World War, which was later rebuilt.

An important …

Museum of Sannio

History of the museum

A first museum of the Sannio, which was archaeological, was founded in 1806 by Talleyrand, then prince of Benevento, in the old house of the Jesuits.
On September 4, 1873, a new museum was …

Monumental Complex of Santa Sofia

Piazza santa sofia, Benevento

Le campanile sur la Place Santa Sofia

This ensemble is notably constituted by the Saint-Sophia church, the campanile and the monastery (including the cloister).

The Saint Sophia Monastery

The current monastery, attached to the church, was built between 1142 …

Castle of Benevento

benevento, rocca dei rettori

The fortress of rectors (Rocca dei Rettori), also called Castle Manfred (despite the absence of historical link), or castle of Benevento occupies the highest angle of the old city. It consists of two parts: the keep, built by the Lombards

Santa Sofia in Benevento

Santa Sofia of Benevento, in the homonymous monumental complex, is inscribed on a list created in 2011 by UNESCO of seven sites of “Lombards in Italy: places of power”.
However, the building was renovated and changed appearance several times over …

Trajan’s Arch

Benevento, arco di Traiano

The triumphal arch was erected in honor of Emperor Trajan between 114 and 117. It was the gateway to Via Appia Traiana, a road built by the emperor to connect Rome with Brindisi, leaving from Benevento, in order …

Interactive map of Benevento

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Arc de Trajan: 41.132576, 14.779116
Sainte Sophie, Bénévent: 41.130396, 14.781069
Chateau de Benevent: 41.128982